Background Copenhagen

1.Copenhagen - View through front house to houses in the backyards

2.Old docklands - renovated warehouses

3.Nyhavn - Old canal harbour in city centre

4.The Round Tower (1642)
Pictures by Torben P. Jensen 2001

Copenhagen City with photo-image 1-7

Copenhagen is the result of 800 years of history. Today 650,000 inhabitants share the central part of the city and the Greater Copenhagen area has a total number of inhabitants of 1.4 million.

The Inner City dates back to the Middle Ages and retains many medieval town features.
In 1167 Copenhagen became noted when Bishop Absalon of Roskilde built a new castle there.

In the Renaissance during the reign of Christian IV (1588 - 1648) the city reached its days of glory. A number of new buildings were erected such as Rosenborg Castle (1634), The Stock Exchange (1625), The Round Tower (1642) and the Trinity Church (1657). The Nyboder quarter was built for the soldiers and the Dutch canal-inspired Christian's Harbour was built on Amager.
During the period of Absolute Monarchy after 1660 new bastions to the east were built, among them the Citadel in 1669.
The new quarter was named Frederiksstaden and was planned as a right-angled grid. The gem of the new quarter was the octagonal palace yard of Amalienborg Palace surrounded by four Rococo palaces (1754)

5. Amalienborg Palace surrounded by four Rococo palaces (1754)

The population rose from about 65,000 in 1728 to about 93,000 in 1769 and 100,000 in 1801.

In 1847 the railway to Roskilde was opened and this created increased activity and initiated an urbanization process with increasing overpopulation.
In the 1850s the ramparts around the city were abandoned and building activities started outside the ramparts: Nørrebro (Northern Bridge), Vesterbro (Western Bridge) and Østerbro (Eastern Bridge) were erected during the second half of the century.
During the years 1901 - 02 several surrounding old villages were absorbed in the city, which tripled the area of the city and the population rose to 400,000. Only Frederiksberg remained as an independent enclave surrounded by the Borough of Copenhagen.

After 1945 the densely built-up area expanded extensively, whereas the central city of Copenhagen has experienced a drastically decreasing population since the 1950 level of 768,000, as many people and jobs moved out to the surrounding districts.
Copenhagen gradually developed into a city of service functions, health care, central administration, higher education and culture etc.

6.Copenhagen from The Round Tower to the South East

7. Copenhagen from The Round Tower to the East
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